The Cornwall Iron Furnace is America’s most complete charcoal fueled ironmaking complex. This unique, historic facility is part of the National Historic Landmark District and has been designated a National Historic Landmark by the American Society of Metals. On top of those accolades, the Cornwall Iron Furnace is a destination and attraction, used as an educational resource and tour source in Pennsylvania. The Cornwall Iron Furnace also serves as an event venue, featuring multiple activities and gatherings throughout each month. Just 20 minutes away from Historic Smithton Inn, this conveniently close feature is a great place to see during your visit to Amish Country. Here is what you need to know before making a visit to the Cornwall Iron Furnace!
Cornwall Iron Furnace Hours and Admission
The Cornwall Iron Furnace is open Thursday through Sunday from 9am to 5pm and Sunday from 12 to 5pm. Admission fees are $8 regularly, $7 for senior citizens and motor club members, $4 for kids ages 3-11, and free for kids under 2 years old. There are also deals associated with group rates, if that is something that would benefit you.
Cornwall Iron Furnace History
The history of the Cornwall Iron Furnace goes all the way back to 1742, when it was established by a stonemason named Peter Grubb, who began mining nearby. The furnace remained in operation until 1883, surviving almost a century and a half of functionality and falling into the hands of Robert Coleman. Pennsylvania was one of the top producers of iron, smelting one-seventh of the entire world’s supply. After Grubb died, his property passed down to his sons and the furnace stayed active until newer operations took hold, which used anthracite coal and made the old method obsolete. The Cornwall Iron Furnace was abandoned along with the property until it was given to the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in 1932 by Margaret Coleman Freeman Buckingham, who was a descendant of Coleman.
Cornwall Iron Furnace Tours
While on a Cornwall Iron Furnace tour, you will learn all about the history of the furnace. You will also get a tour of other aspects of the grounds, including the red sandstone buildings constructed to protect industrial equipment, the charcoal barn converted into a modern Visitors’ Center, the charging room where raw materials were thrown into the furnace, and the casting house where the furnace was tapped for iron. During the tour, you will also see the filler, which added the right combination of raw materials into the charging hole at the top of the furnace stack and a blowing apparatus that includes the 4-ton, 24-feet “Great Wheel.” There is also a 20 horsepower single cylinder steam engine and some boilers located on top of the furnace stack, which used exhausted heat to power the steam engine.